Kyrklund, Willy


Kyrklund, Willy
(1921-)
   Recognized as a masterful practitioner of Swedish prose, Kyrklund is best known for his short stories and novels, although he has also written plays. He had his literary debut with a collection of stories, Angvalten och andra noveller (1948; The Steamroller and Other Stories), which gave nine examples of his trademark style: a mixture of realism, myth, and exotic ideas with an emphasis on irony and parody. Other books in a similar vein are Hermelinens dod (1954; The Death of the Ermine) and Den overdrivne alskaren (1957; The Exaggerated Lover), the last of which focuses on folly associated with love, which for Kyrklund is a very fertile field of study. Emotions in a more general sense constitute the theme of Den ratta kanslan (1974; The Right Feeling), in which the stories ironically explore emotions gone awry. The narratives in 8 variationer (1982; Eight Variations) illustrate a statement by the Greek philosopher Heraclitus to the effect that the future belongs to the rising generation; they are further unified by their reliance on musical terms. Notable among them is "Atertaget drag" (Retracted Move), in which the legend of William Tell is told with a significant twist: Tell ends up as a poor shoemaker rather than a hero.
   Kyrklund s novels are brief, too, and are perhaps even less conventional than his short stories. Tvåsam (1949; Twosome) features two characters, Overvaktmastaren (the Janitorial Supervisor) and Vakt-mastaren (the Janitor), who are at odds with each other in the manner of a Freudian ego and super-ego, and who may be regarded as different aspects of the same individual. By problematizing the identity of his protagonist, Kyrklund questions traditional narrative conventions in a manner that prefigures the postmodern novel. Tension between characters is also a feature of Mästaren Ma (1952; Master Ma), which draws on Kyrklund s studies in Chinese culture. The master s teachings are contradicted both by his wife Yao and his disciple Li, leaving readers free to articulate their own personal wisdom.
   One of the chief characteristics of Kyrklund s works is that they are maddeningly difficult to classify. Best thought of as a collage, Polyfem foärvandlad (1964; Polyphemus Transformed) uses Ovid s Metamorphoses as an intertext, but with such twists as when the story of Odysseus's escape from the eponymous Cyclops is narrated from Polyphemus s point of view.
   Classical literature is also present in Kyrklund's drama Medea fran Mbongo (Medea from Mbongo; collected in FranBrollopet till Medea, 1967; From the Wedding to Medea), in which the story of Jason and Medea has been both radically simplified and given a semi-modern setting. Also inspired by Greek mythology, Gudar och maän-niskar (1978; Gods and Humans) has a strong political message, as it offers a critique of technology and international business that is very much in the spirit of the 1970s.

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

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  • Willy Kyrklund — Willy Kyrklund, eigentlich Paul Wilhelm Kyrklund (* 27. Februar 1921 in Helsinki, Finnland; † 27. Juni 2009[1] in Uppsala, Schweden) war ein finnisch schwedischer Schriftsteller. Kyrklund lebte seit den 1940er Jahren in Schweden. Er schrieb… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kyrklund — ist der Familienname von: Kyra Kyrklund (* 1951), finnische Dressurreiterin und Trainerin Willy Kyrklund (1921–2009), finnlandschwedischer Schriftsteller Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kyrklund —   [ tɕyrklʊnd], Willy, eigentlich Paul Wilhelm Kyrklund, finnisch schwedischer Schriftsteller, * Helsinki 27. 2. 1921; lebt seit Ende der 40er Jahre in Schweden. Kyrklunds Stil ist melancholisch, oft mit beißend ironischem Unterton, geprägt auch… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Willy Kyrklund — Paul Wilhelm Willy Kyrklund (born 1921 in Helsinki, Finland) is a Finland Swedish author living in Uppsala, Sweden. Honorary doctorate at Uppsala university in 1994.He is the son of an engineer. After he took his exams (corresponding to A level)… …   Wikipedia

  • Freudianism —    The theories of Sigmund Freud (1856 1939) became very influential in Scandinavian literature after World War I. Hans Kirk, a Danish Marxist, depended heavily on Freud in his social analysis and, in particular, in his depiction of religion. The …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • Postmodernism —    Sometimes used so as to include metafiction, fabulation, and literary self reference, postmodernism is a manifestation of a broader tendency against realism. Unencumbered by the dreams ofdialectical harmony, postmodernism celebrates the… …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • Realism —    Inspired by the French writers Honore de Balzac (17991850) and Gustave Flaubert (1821 1880), the literary style called realism was a major force in Scandinavian letters from around 1840 through the 1880s, but particularly in the 1870s. The… …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • Theater —    During the Middle Ages, Scandinavian theater followed practices common in Europe at the time, with mystery and morality plays being performed in churchyards and marketplaces, and in connection with religious festivals. After the Reformation,… …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • SWEDEN, bibliography — Bibliographic Resources Holmback, Bure. About Sweden, 1900 1963: A Bibliographical Outline. Sweden Illustrated 15 (1968): 5 94. Josephson, Aksel G. S. A List of Swedish Books, 1875 1925. New York: Bonniers, 1927. Nelson, Walter W. A Bibliography… …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • Liste schwedischsprachiger Schriftsteller — Die Liste umfasst Schriftsteller, die in schwedischer Sprache schreiben/schrieben. Hier sind also sowohl Schriftsteller aus Schweden, die in der dortigen Mehrheitssprache schreiben, als auch schwedischsprachige Schriftsteller aus Finnland (so… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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